Hard disk drives connect to a motherboard using either a Serial Advanced Technology Attachment connector or an Integrated Drive Electronics connector. SATA drives are newer than IDE, so older operating systems such as Windows XP, for example, won’t recognize the technology without additional drivers. You can, however, use the Basic Input/Output System — your computer’s configuration program — to alter how the computer emulates SATA devices. If you need to use an older operating system to access legacy hardware or software for your business, switch the SATA mode to IDE to allow the operating system to recognize the hard drive.
- Restart or turn on the PC, and look for a message such as “Press [X] to Go to Setup” or “Press [X] to Enter BIOS.”
- Follow the instructions on the boot screen to go to setup. Press “Ctrl-Alt-Del” to restart if the computer begins loading Windows before you can enter the BIOS.
- Use the arrow pad to select an option such as “Advanced,” “Integrated Peripherals” or “Main.” Press “Enter.”
- Select “Storage Configuration,” “Drive Configuration,” “IDE Configuration” or a similar option, if available. Press “Enter.”
- Check setup for an option such as “Configure SATA As,” “SATA Mode,” “SATA Configuration” or “On-Chip SATA.”
- Press “Enter.” Choose “IDE,” “Compatible” or “ATA” from the menu and press “Enter” again. If pressing “Enter” doesn’t bring up a menu, press “+” or “-” to change the parameters of the option.
- Press “Esc” to return to the main menu, or select the “Exit” tab. Select the option to quit the BIOS and save changes.
- Press “Enter” to restart the computer and boot the SATA drive as an IDE device.
Some ASUS motherboards include an onboard graphics processing unit, or integrated graphics chip, that enables the computer to output video on a monitor. If the onboard GPU is not enabled in the basic input/output system (BIOS), the motherboard will use the dedicated graphics card — the card installed to an expansion slot — for video output instead. If the dedicated card stops working, you can switch to the onboard GPU to restore graphics capabilities to the PC. Note, however, that integrated graphics are often inferior to dedicated graphics; if your business uses an ASUS PC to run graphics-intensive software, you may experience reduced video performance.
- Restart or power on the computer. Press “Del” on the ASUS logo screen to load the BIOS.
- Select “Exit/Advanced Mode,” then “Advanced Mode.” Use the directional pad to select the “Advanced” tab.
- Scroll to “System Agent Configuration” and then press “Enter.”
- Select “Initiate Graphics Adapter” and then press “+” or “-” to change the value to “iGPU.”
- Select “Exit,” then “Save Changes & Reset” to restart the computer and switch to the onboard graphics adapter.
The PCI Express slot on your motherboard allows you to connect video cards using the PCIe bus standard. Most motherboard models also feature an integrated graphics chipset that allows you to run your computer without having to install a PCIe video card. If your computer uses an integrated graphics chipset as its primary display adapter, you must first enable the PCI Express slot from the BIOS menu before switching to a PCIe video card.
- Open the BIOS menu. Pressing the “F2” or the “Del” key during computer startup usually takes you to the BIOS menu.
- Select the “Advanced” tab using the left/right arrow keys.
- Select the “Video Configuration” option using the “Up/Down” arrow keys. Certain motherboard models list this option as “First Display Device” or “Primary Display Adapter.”
- Select the “PCI-Express Graphics” option and press “Enter.”
- Press “F10” to save the new settings. You can now use the PCI Express card slot to install a PCIe video card.